What makes the tyres work?

The science behind the working of tyres is actually quite intriguing. It’s a marvel to watch these black circles roll on the roads with ease. In fact, if the tyres hadn’t been there, we would have never reached our destination. So, they carry a mighty significance as part of the car. A lot of research goes behind the making of these tyres.

Engineers have been doing various experiments over the years to churn out the best tyres for you all. Tyre manufacturers have been really striving hard to keep their customers contended. It’s certainly an uphill task as these 195 55 r16 tyres have to brake, corner and handle your vehicle well.

If you love driving your own vehicle, then you must be well aware of the various parts that comprise of a tyre. Each pattern or design on the tyre is of extreme importance as that lets your tyre gets hold of the road completely. So, let’s understand how these tyres are built and how do these support your vehicle.

Various components of a tyre

We all know that tyres are made up of rubber, but there are various other parts attached to this engineering marvel. Let’s have a look at them.

  • Plies on the tyre

There are different layers of the tyre made with different fabrics. These are called the plies. To make the body of the tyre, a polyester cord is used which is the most common fabric of all. These cords generally run straight at the angle of the tread. These plies are further given a coating of the rubber so that they bond well with the other components as well.

Plies give strength to the cheap tyres. Car tyres generally have two plies, but commercial jetliners can have numerous plies on them.

  • Tread of the tyre

This one’s the most important part of the tyre as there are many other things depending on them. It’s a composition of natural and synthetic rubbers. This tread can be in myriads of patterns. It can be lug shaped, block-shaped or there can be a directional or asymmetric pattern of the tread. Each pattern is meant for its own specific use. For instance, a block-shaped pattern gives a good grip on icy and wet roads.

  • Sidewalls of the car

This is probably the sturdiest and the most resilient part of the tyre. It’s the side part of the tyre which actually faces outwards and inwards both. It’s very rigid and can absorb the shocks and the impacts on the road very well. The sidewalls are made to run on any kind of terrain and they have the ability to shrink and expand depending on the situation.

  • The bead

When the tyres are installed on the rims, beading is done by coating a loop of steel with the rubber. This steel is quite high in strength as it lets the tyre hold the wheel rim firmly. This is done by using the tyre mounting machines by applying some forces on them.

The above mentioned are some of the important parts of the 195 55 r16 tyres. There are some others too, like the carcass, shoulder, belt, chafer, apex and grooves. Each part has its own significance and contributes immensely to the proper functioning of the tyre.

What’s the role of the tyre pressure?

An optimum level of tyre pressure is equally important to make them run on the road with efficiency. You can check the level from the owner’s manual and adhere to it.

  • If the tyre pressure is high in the tyre, then you might not get a good grip on the roads.
  • Whereas, if the pressure is too low, then there are chances of a tyre blowout too. As the tyres won’t be able to sustain the weight of the car.

So, now you see what all techniques go behind creating those perfect tyres for you. Never undermine the significance of cheap tyres and choose your tyres wisely for your vehicle.











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